Friday, January 6, 2017

Nepal - Paradise for Trekkers and Nature Lovers

About trekking
Trekking
Trekking in Nepal is meant to walk or hike to rural heritages. Along the trails winding up, down, over and around, it takes you through serene villages brooded under the scintillating mountains. So, it is definitely a treasurable experience of lifetime, both, of beholding the hypnotic beauty of nature and meticulously tackling the challenges in the treacherous yet tantalizing mountain regions.
Trekking is not mountaineering although some of the popular trails are used by mountaineering expeditions to get to their base camps. Most of the trails you walk on are still used predominantly by Nepali people for everyday travel and trade. So, it is common to meet Nepali porter carrying supply like groceries or  lengths of corrugated roofing iron slung from a jute strap (namlo) around the head or a sick relatives being carried in a basket (doko) in the same manner to the nearest medical facility.
Trekking is a way of seeing a country and its people ‘warts and all’. You walk through the streets of cities, villages and past the open front doors of houses. At the same time, you see the people at their daily tasks. Often, you witness celestial clouds forming below you while the canopy of magnificent peaks of mountains towering over you.
Trekking means you will be involved in a way you could never be in a car, bus, train or aero plane. But, you can enjoy the friendliness of the people; feel the spell of the mountains and their culture.
A trekking trip can be of any length you choose. There are a number of short treks around the Kathmandu and Pokhara valleys which only take a day to complete. There are two or three day treks or treks from a week to a month. For those with enough time can combine a number of treks and spend months just walking around.
We can help you customize a trekking itinerary to suit your needs at an affordable price leaving you free of any confused travelling, bureaucratic or logistic hassles.
Nepal is the ultimate destination for trekking and adventure holidays from easy to challenging base camp treks or Adrenaline adventures that may quite often test your physical aptitude. So, step on in Nepal, a trekking paradise where you will enjoy the most spectacular sceneries flipping one after another as you move on the trail.

Camping Trek

Trekking through the Himalayas is for those who prefer a less cosseted vacation. On the camping trek, we get up and go to bed with the daylight, and relax in warm sunshine after a leisurely lunch.
– We provide all camping and cooking equipment. These treks are staffed by a full local crew, including a main guide, porters, cook and assistants. Your main baggage is carried by porters. It is the camp our crews’ job to perform all the camp work, including leaving the sites clean. Food on trek is a mixture of Western and local dishes with plenty of choice. Our menu is based on fresh food to provide three nutritious and tasty meals a day. We can cater for specific dietary needs if we know in advance. All trekkers are pleasantly surprised at the quality of the meals.
·         We use airy and comfortable tents. There is also a latrine tent. A shower tent and dining tent set up at each campsite.
·         Your only job is to do the walking and take photographs, while our trek staff takes care of the camp duties and carrying.
·         The benefit of a camping trek is that we are not limited to use the trails more frequently travelled and there is a greater opportunity to get ‘off-the-beaten-track’.

Peaks of Nepal
8 of the highest peaks in the world is in Nepal, Including the Mount Everest Highest of all peaks.

1) The Everest or Sagarmatha Region (8,848 metres)

The world’s highest mountain above the mean sea level at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft). It is located in the Himalayas on the Nepal (Sagarmatha Zone)-China (Tibet) border. One of the most popular area for trekking in Nepal. Trek to Everest base camp is mystique derived from its soaring giant, ever panoramic peaks and the extreme adventures of legendary mountaineers. The Everest, situated in the Solu and Khumbu diversified district is justifiably renowned, not only because it encompasses Mount Everest, the world’s highest mountain (8850m), but also because of its exotic Sherpa villages and monasteries, flora and fauna. The main goal of Everest Trekking is to trek to Everest Base camp at an elevation of about 5430 m. trek to Everest Base Camp 

2) Kanchenjunga Region( 8598 metres)

Kanchenjunga Region( 8598m)Trekking is the trek to the Base Camp of the world’s third highest mountain of the world in Nepal. The trek takes us soak up spectacular views of the Jannu Himalayas range from the Mirgin La. To visit serene villages on the boarders of Sikkim and Tibet are the stunning landscape of the trek. Kanchenjunga, “Treasure of Snow” (28,198ft) was first climbed by a British team in 1956 AD. Here you can advent awe inspiring Himalayan Trekking, and reap the rewards!
Kanchanjunga, although a limited trekking area as per the Nepal Government permit policy, one of the most remote trekking regions which is situated in Eastern Nepal bordering the Indian state of Sikkim. This area houses Snow Leopard, National bird of Nepal,Musk Deer, Blue Sheep and maybe legendary Yeti. This is less travelled remote area comparing the popular Everest and Annapurna Trekking regions of Nepal.

3) Lhotse(8,516 metres)

Lhotse (8,516) is the fourth highest mountain in the world. Its long east-west crest is located immediately south of Mount Everest and the summits of the two mountains are connected by the South Col, a vertical ridge that never drops below 8,000 meters. Lhotse is sometimes mistakenly identified as the south peak of the Everest massif. No serious attention was turned to climbing Lhotse until after Everest had finally been ascended. Lhotse was first climbed in 1956 by two Swiss, Fritz Luchsinger and Ernest Reiss.
In addition to the main summit, there are two subsidiary peaks, Lhotse Shar, which is immediately east of the main summit, and Nuptse, a high peak on the mountain’s west ridge.

4) Makalu(8,463 metres)

Makalu (8,463) is the fifth highest mountain in the world. It is an isolated peak, located just 14 miles east of Mount Everest. Its size alone is impressive, but its structure, that of a perfect pyramid with four sharp ridges, make this mountain all the more spectacular.
It has proved to be a challenging climb, as only five of its first sixteen attempts were successful. Previously, it had been admired and studied by several Everest parties, but like so many other giants in Khumbu region, it was not attempted until the summit of Everest had been attained in 1954. A French group first climbed Makalu in year 1955.
Chomo Lonzo (25,650 ft.) is a subsidiary peak of Makalu, rising just north of the higher summit, separated by a narrow saddle.

5) Cho oyu(8,201 metres)

Cho Oyu (8,201) is the sixth highest mountain in the world, located a short distance to the west from Everest and Lhotse (the fourth highest) in the Khumbu region of Eastern Nepal along the Tibetan border. Its towering peak stands with Everest well above the surrounding mountains. It became a familiar landmark to climbers ascending Everest’s north face. Just west of Cho Oyu is the Nangpa La, a 19,000-foot glacier pass, and the main trade route between the khumbu Sherpas and Tibet. Cho Oyu’s proximity to the Nangpa la has earned it the distinction among some climbers as being the easiest 8,000 meter peak. It was the third such peak climbed, and the first climbed in autumn by two Australian.

6) Dhaulagiri(8,167 metres)

Dhaulagiri (8,167), whose name means White Mountain, is the seventh highest mountain in the world. It is an enormous Himalayan massif, located in north central Nepal. After its discovery by the western world in 1808, it replaced Ecuador’s Chimborazo (20,561 ft.) as the postulated highest mountain in the world. It maintained this standing for nearly 30 years, until the discovery of Kanchenjunga, which was then falsely believed to be the world’s highest mountain.

Dhaulagiri’s crest stretches for thirty miles, lending structure to an otherwise tangled topography of twisting ridges, glaciers, and ice falls. Along the main crest, several pyramid-shaped peaks rise. Four of these summits, numbered form east to west, rise above 25,000 feet.

7) Manaslu(8, 163 metres)

 Manasalu (8, 163) is the high peak of the Gorkha massif, and is the eight highest mountains in the world. It is located about 40 miles east of Annapurna, the tenth highest mountain. The mountains long ridges and valley glaciers offer feasible approaches from all directions, and it culminates in a peak that towers steeply above its surroundings landscape, and is dominant features when seen from afar. The name Manaslu is derived from the Sanskrit word Manasa and can be roughly translated as mountain of the spirit. An all-female Japanese expedition successfully ascended to the summit, thereby becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak.

8) Annapurna(8,091 metres)

Annapurna (8,091) is an enormous Himalayan massif, the tenth highest mountain in the world. In 1950, it became the first 8,000 meter mountain to be successfully climbed. It is located east of great gorge cut through the Himalaya by the Kali Gandaki River. The mountain has the glaciers on its western and north western slopes, which drain into this gorge.
Annapurna is a Sanskrit name that can be translated as goddess of harvests or more simply the provider. Of Annapurna’s many highs peaks, five are labeled using some variations of the name Annapurna. Of these, the two highest (Annapurna I and II), stand like bookends at the western and eastern ends of the massif. There are many trekking trails that offers stunning views of Annapurna Range. Annapurna circuit Trekking and Annapurna Base Camp Trekkig are some great ways to get great views of the massifs.
These are the eight highest peaks of Nepal. Nepal is a home to many other smaller peaks which offer exciting Peak Climbing Adventure.
Trekking Gears

Hardware For all Treks Essential:

·         Water Bottle 1 liter min
·         Day pack
·         Money belt
·         Sunglasses
·         Wrap around
·         Bag Liners, Stuff and Rubbish Bags;
·         Sewing Kit
·         Toiletries. Bio-degradable;
·         Tissues, plenty! The toilet paper provided isn’t suitable or easily replaced on trek
·         Towel. Light weight or pack towel
·         Headlamp
·         Penknife, Swiss Army style
·         Batteries. Long life even these have a shorter life at Altitude
·         Disposable Lighter
·         Personal First Aid Kit.

Optional Gears

·         Thermarest : Luxury!
·         Camera : Crazy not to!
·         Diary : To record a once-in –a-lifetime experience
·         Games / Books for Evenings
·         Umbrella : Great sunshade and for privacy at toilet stops

General : For Trekking in September, October, March, April and May

·         Walking Boots : Lightweight, waterproof, with plenty of toe room, well worn in
·         Socks : 3 pairs each thick/thin to be worn in combination-boots should be big enough!
·         Running / Tennis shoes / Sandals : For evenings and and to relief the feet
·         Waterproofs : Thigh length jacket with a hood. (If you don’t want to use provided  poncho)
·         Pants :Lightweight, loose, long, trouser, short or skirt. Jeans are unsuitable.
·         Jackets :  Pile/Fleece,and/or SWEATER. Lightweight, Duvet Jackets are provided on request
·         Trackpants : For evenings and colder days;
·         T-shirts : 2 OR 3
·         Shirt : Lightweight, long sleeved, with collar, to protect sensitive areas from the Sun;
·         Hats : 1 wool/pile “beanie” with ear flaps. 1 peaked sun hat , “Legionnaire” style;
·         Gloves :Wool /pile
·         Scarf : Wool /pile
·         Underwear : As required
·         Swimsuit : Essential for outdoor bathing.
·         Snow Gaitars : To keep pants and Boots dry
Trek in Annapurna Base Camp in March to May specially.

Winter : For  Trekking in November, December, Janaury and February

·         Walkingboots
·         Running / Tennis Shoes / Sandals
·         T-shirts
·         Pants
·         Jacket
·         Shirt
·         Hats
·         Scarf
·         Underwear
·         Swimsuit as for general treks,

But add / adjust as follows:

·         Socks : 4 pairs or both thick and thin,and an extra pair for bed socks;
·         Waterproof :  Over pants with side zips,to fit over boots;
·         Woollen Sweater : 1 heavy weight  or, preferably,2 lightweight
·         Trackpants : 2-Preferably, 1 heavy track pants and 1 wool/pile trousers;
·         Gloves :  Wool, /pile,silk or thermal glove liners;
·         Thermal Underwear : Long medium/heavyweight tops and trousers;
·         Snow Gaitars : To keep pants and boots dry

Conservation Park of Nepal
1.   Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
Area: 1325sq. km Established: 1983 and gazetted in 1987
Location: Dhorpatan hunting reserve adjoins Rukum, Myagdi and baglung districts in the Dhaulagiri Himal range in west Nepal. Putha, churn and gurja Himal extend over the northern boundary of the reserve. This is the only hunting reserve in the country, attracting Nepalese and foreign hunters with blue sheep and other game animals. The reserve is divided into six blocks for hunting management purposes. The reserve is characterized by alpine, sub alpine, and high temperate vegetation. Common plant species include fir pine, birch, rhododendron, hemlock, oak juniper and spruce. Pastureland at higher elevations occupies more that 50% of the total area of the reserve. The reserve is one of the prime habitats for blue sheep, a highly coveted trophy. Other animals found there are: leopard, goral, Serow, Himalayan Tahr, Himalayan black bear, barking deer, wild boar, rhesus macaque, langur and mouse hare. Pheasants and partridges are common and their viable population in the reserve permits controlled hunting. Endangered animals in the reserve include musk deer, wolf, red panda, cheer pheasant and Danphe (Lophophorus). Special permits required for hunting.


2.   Koshi tappu wildlife reserve
Area: 175sq. km. Established: 1976
Location: Koshi Tappu wildlife reserve lies on the flood plains of the Sapta Koshi in Saptari and Sunsari districts of eastern Nepal. The eastern and western embankments of the River define the reserve. Rapid and complete inundation of the reserve to depths ranging from 10 to 300 cm occurs during the monsoon. The sapta Koshi River also changes its course from one season to another. The vegetation mainly includes tall khar pater grassland with few patches of khair sissoo scrub forest and deciduous mixed Riverine forest. The reserve offers important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving population (about 100 individuals) of wild buffalo or Arna is found here. Other mammals are the hog deer, wild boar, spotted deer, and blue bull. The reserve also assists the local economy by providing fishing permits and allowing the collection of edible fruits and ferns in season. 280 different species of bids have been recorded in the reserve. These include 20 species of ducks, 2 species of ibises, many storks, egrets, herons and the endangered swamp partridges and Bengal floricans. The Koshi barrage is extremely important as a resting place for migratory birds. Many species recorded here are not seen elsewhere in Nepal. The endangered gharial crocodile and gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the Koshi River.
3.   Parsa wild life Reserve
Sabai grass, a commercially important species, grows well along southern face of the Churiya hills. The reserve supports a good population of resident wild elephant, tiger, leopard, sloth bear, gaur, blue bull, and wild dog. Other common animals are Sambar, chital hog deer, barking deer, languor, striped hyena, palm civet and jungle cat.  There are nearly 300 species of birds in the reserve. Giant hornbill, peafowl, red jungle fowl, flycatchers and weedpeckers are a few of the other common birds found in the reserve. Many kinds of snakes including king cobra, common cobra, crait, rat snake and python are found in the reserve due to hot tropical climate.

4.   Shuklaphanta wildlife reserve
Other wild animals in the reserve are wild elephant, tiger, hispid hare, blue bull, leopard chital, hog deer, and wild boar. A total of 200 species of birds have been recorded in the reserve. Many grassland birds along with the rare Bengal florican can be seen in the phantasm. Marsh mugger, Indian python, monitor lizard and snakes like cobra, krait and snake are recorded in the reserve.
5.   Makalu Barun national park
There are 47 varieties of orchids, 67 species of economically valuable medicinal and aromatic plants, 25 of Nepal’s 30 varieties of rhododendron, 19species of bamboo, 15 oaks including arkhoulo, 86 species of fodder trees and 48 species of primrose. Over 400 species of birds have been sighted in the Makalu and Barun area. Two of the species had never been seen else where in Nepal . They are the spotted wren babble and the oklive ground warbler. Wildlife includes the endangered red panda, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, clouded leopard and possibly snow leopard in addition to more substantial populations of goral, Himalayan Tahr, wild boar, barking deer, Himalayan marmot and weasel, common languor monkey and the Serow. The Arun River system contains 84 verities of fish. Some 32000 people inhabit the conservation area.

6.   Rara national park
Rara national park(106sq km) is located in North-west Nepal about 371km air distance from Kathmandu. Most of the park area including Lake Rara, lies in Mugu district, a small area adjoins Jumla district of karnali zone. This is the smallest park in Nepal, containing the country’s biggest lake (10.8 sq. km) at an elevation of 2990m. Park elevations range from 2800m to 4030m. The park contains mainly coniferous forest.
The area around the lake is dominated by blue pine, black juniper, west Himalayan spruce, oak, Himalayan cypress and other associated species, at abut 3350m, pine and spruce give way to fir, oak and birch. Deciduous tree species like Indian horse chestnut, walnut and Himalayan popular are also found. A small portion of the park serves as an ideal habitat for musk deer.
Other animals found in the park include Himalayan black bear, leopard, goral, himayan  Tahr, and wild boar. Snow trout is the only fish species recorded in the lake. Resident gallinaceous birds and migrant waterfowl are of interest to park visitors. The greatcrested grebe, black necked grebe, and red crested pochard are seen during winter. Other common birds are the snowcock, chukor partridge Impeyan pheasant, kalij pheasant, and blood pheasant.
7.   Bardia National park
Bardia National park is situated in the mid-far western Terai, east of the Karnali River. It covers 968sq km of land, the largest and most undisturbed wilderness area in the Terai. About 70% of the park is covered with dominantly Sal forest with a balanced mixture of grassland, savanna and Riverine forest.

Approximately 1500 inhabitants of this valley have been resettled elsewhere. Since farming has ceased in the Babai valley, natural vegetation is regenerating, making it an area of prime habitat for wildlife . The park provides excellent habitat for endangered animals like the rhinoceros, wild elephant, tiger swamp deer, black buck, gharial crocodile, marsh mugger crocodile and gangetic dolphin.
Endangered birds include the Bengal florican, lesser florican and Sarus crane. More than 30 different mammals, over 200 species of birds, and many snakes, Lizards and fish have been recorded in the park’s forest, grassland and River habitats. A good number of resident and migratory birds are found in the park.

8.   Chitwan National Park
There are more than 43 species of mammals in the park. The park is especially renowned for the endangered one- horned rhinoceros, the tiger and the Gharial crocodile along with many other common species of wild animals. It also harbors endangered species such as gaur, wild elephant, four-horned antelope, striped hyena, pangolin, gangetic dolphin, monitor lizard and python. Other animals found in the park include the sambar, chital, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, palm civet, languor and rhesus monkey.
There are over 450 species of birds in the park. Among the endangered birds are the Bengal florican, giant hornbill, lesser florican, black stork and white stork. Common birds seen in the park include the peafowl, red jungle fowl, and different species of egrets, herons, kingfishers, flycatchers and woodpeckers. The best time for bird watching is March and Deccember.
More that 45 species of amphibians and reptiles occur in the park, some of which are the marsh crocodile, cobra, green pit viper and various species of frogs and tortoises. The park is actively engaged in the scientific studies of several species of wild fauna and flora.










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